In 1266 the french pope Clement IV
crowned the angevin Charles king of Sicily. Taormina, Catania, Caltanissetta, Agrigento
and other cities refused the coronation and took sides with Konrad of Sweden, who was a
hardly sixteen-year-old king. He was not ready to face the more expert Charles for the
obvious inexperience because of his joungness. In October 29, 1268 he was defeated and
cruelly beheaded in the market-place of Naples. Subsequently, the Charles's
by loot-thirsty adventurers, occupied Sicily. Thus began what people defined the bad
dominion of Angevins.
Citizens were subjected to new taxes and even to the so-called regal
services suffered drastic restrictions. Discomfort due to the french oppressions
March 31, 1282, to the rebellion which belongs to history as the Sicilian
Vespers. Revolt, begun in Palermo, stretched at once in a lot of sicilian
cities. Its charge for
independence involved Taormina too, where the french monks were forced to escape from
monasteries. Palermo, determined in sending away Angevins from Sicily, asked for
intervention to the king Peter III of Aragon. He landed in Marsala and in few time
conquered the whole isle. The military occupation due to Peter III determined a new
breaking in the reign of the two Sicilies: the peninsular part, leaded by
under the Angevins dominion, while the isle passed under the Aragoneses one.
In 1302, with the peace treaty of Caltabellotta, Frederic III of Aragon was awarded the
isle, but with the prohibition to take the title of king of Sicily.
Dead in 1337, his son Peter II succeeded Frederic III, mentioned in the testament as
universal heir and, transgressed the treaty, successor of the sicilian reign.
He died in 1342. Since that date to unification Sicily was ruled by regents.
In 1348, plague, the black death, propagated in the isle brought by the boats which came
After ninety years of war between Angevins and Aragoneses, in 1372 the peace was
to the aragonese family was finally recognized the title of King of Sicily.
In 1395 Martin junior was crowned King of Sicily. Hardly eighteen-year-old he had married
Mary of Aragon, Frederic III's daughter. He died in 1409 without legitimate
Sicilian Parliament met in Taormina, in Corvaja Palace, and nominated successor Martin the
Great. He left the administration of Sicily to the daughter-in-law, whom Martin junior had
married in second weddings.
The definitive submission of Sicily to Spain brought a period of stability and the isle
was no more theathre for wars. But it again was oppressed with taxes. The Thirty Years'
War, broken in 1618, forced Spain to sustain huge costs and Sicily was forced to
contribute with huge subsidies.